A urologist, also known as a nephrologist, is a physician who specializes in the field of urology. Their job is to ensure that all of the organs of the body that make up the urinary system are functioning properly and that there are no blockages in the urinary tract. The basic functions of the organs that make up the male reproductive system, and the urinary system as a whole, is that urine is excreted from the body via the kidneys, the bladder, and the urethra; it then travels through the urinary tract until it reaches its destination where it is eliminated. The excretion, transportation, and elimination of urine form the function of the urinary system.
There are many types of disorders in the urinary system and among them are genitourinary problems, blockages, infections, and inflammation. Sometimes, these conditions require the intervention of an urologist such as when bacteria, viruses, or growths of cancerous cells are found within the urinary tract. Sometimes, no matter how clean one’s urine is, bacteria can still find their way into the system. For these cases, the work of the urologist is to surgically remove the offending bacteria or growths.
Many males, as they grow older, have issues with their prostate gland. This can be extremely painful, cause intense episodes of urine loss, blood in the urine, and even urinary tract infections. This can be the result of too much aging, but it can also be caused by a malfunctioning of the urinary tract. These issues will often require the intervention of a urologist. A procedure called prostectomy removes the organ in order to prevent further damage to the body.
Sometimes, even if the problem with the urinary system is not life-threatening, other medical problems may arise. One such issue is what does a urologist do when a patient has kidney stones? Though rare, some patients may need to go through surgery in order to remove the stones, especially if they are located in the urinary tract. Other medications may be prescribed as treatment of the stone, such as antibiotics.
The urologist’s job also includes what does he do when a man is diagnosed with a problem with his prostate. The doctor may recommend surgical removal of the enlarged prostate, or the use of medications to help reduce further growth of the prostate. If the medication regimen does not work, alternative therapies including electrical stimulation and laser, or transurethral resection (tummy tuck) may be recommended. Another procedure that the doctor may perform is what does a urologist do when a man has testicular cancer? Most men, when first diagnosed, do not opt for any type of surgery to treat their cancer, but there are instances in which it makes sense to pursue this option.
A blockage in the testicles, called azoospermia, may occur when sperm is missing or deceased. This condition, though relatively common, may still warrant excision of the testicles, so that the doctor may surgically remove the testicles, in what does a urologist do when a man is diagnosed with this condition? The excision may be performed, though it is usually only one of many procedures that may be necessary.
Scarring in the testicles can also occur, as can adhesions. These conditions may require excision, too. One interesting possibility, though not yet approved by the FDA, is what does a urologist do when a man is suffering from testicular cancer? Excision and radiation may be indicated. However, as yet, no research has been done on the effect of this on sperm formation.
In the end, what does a urologist do when a man suffers from a disorder of the male reproductive system, such as impotence or infertility? Sometimes surgery may be indicated, as in the case of impotence. Other times, drugs may be prescribed. Or the patient may choose to undergo more natural treatment. Whatever the case, the ultimate goal is to improve a patient’s quality of life.